What is Melanin?

Melanin is the pigment that creates our skin tone. 

Every person produces melanin but the levels of concentrations lead to the exact hue and color of our skin and hair color. 

There are two main types of melanin cells:

  • Eumelanin which creates browner tones
  • Pheomelanin which is responsible for reddish hues.

So what? Does melanin-rich skin really require different skin care?

Yes! Melanin-rich skin often requires unique care and products that support hydration, protection from dark spots, and scarring. Below are a few skin conditions impacting melanin-rich skin:

Reduced skin hydration:

Recent studies observed significantly higher transepidermal water loss in melanin-rich skin and less waxy lipids known as ceramides. The combination of these factors often results in higher rates of dry skin among persons of color. 

Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation:

Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation can occur in anyone but is more common in melanin rich individuals and especially kids. Do you ever notice that your child’s skin tends have dark scars after they experience a scrape, cut, or bug bite? This is due to an overproduction of melanin once the skin experiences trauma. 


Eczema is a group of conditions that make the skin dry, itchy, and inflamed. Kids with melanin rich skin are almost 2x more likely to experience eczema. On black skin, eczema can cause darker brown, purple, or gray patches. The affected areas may be swollen, warm, itchy, and dry or scaly.

Eczema can appear anywhere on the body, but black people are more prone to developing small bumps on the torso, arms, and legs.